jueves, 1 de marzo de 2012

Behavioral Economics y Economía del Desarrollo

Este artículo Poor Choices Poverty From the Ground Level de Tom Besley nos muestra cómo BE puede ayudarnos a entender temas de economía del desarrollo, como la pregunta de por qué hay países ricos y países pobres..
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Mainstream economics used to assume unquestioningly that the poor were rational decision-makers, homines economici who spent what little they had in an informed and farsighted way. But over the past 30 or so years, economists have increasingly taken into account the psychology of decision-making. They now acknowledge, for instance, that people frequently lack self-control, valuing future benefits but acting on short-term impulses. And they have begun to appreciate how poverty could create certain pathologies that might further distort thinking. For example, laboratory evidence suggests that choices made under stressful conditions tend to be worse than those made without stress. Such insights have opened up a whole new range of concerns that need to be taken into consideration when studying the behavior of the poor